The revisers appointed by Pope Urban three learned Jesuits - Strada, Gallucci and Petrucci professed to have made " as few changes as possible " in the works of Ambrose, Gregory, Prudentius, Sedulius, Fortunatus and other poets of great name.
The Works and Days of Hesiod begins with an invocation to the Muses to address hymns to Zeus, and in his Theogonia he speaks of them as singing or inspiring " hymns " to all the divinities, and of the bard as " their servant, hymning the glories of men of old, and of the gods of Olympus.
But to this rule there were, according to Walafrid Strabo, some occasional exceptions; particularly in the case of Paulinus, patriarch of Aquileia under Charlemagne, himself a hymn-writer, who frequently used hymns, composed by himself or others, in the eucharistic office, especially in private masses.
Those which passed by the name of Homer 2 were already old in the time of Thucydides. A tradition, ancient and widely spread, ascribed, to him the authorship of the remarkable " Hymnum dicat turba fratrum, hymnum cantus personet " " Band of brethren, raise the hymn, let your song the hymn resound "which is a succinct narrative, in hymnal form, of the whole gospel history; and is perhaps the earliest example of a strictly didactic hymn.
Catherine Winkworth Christian Singers of Germany, states that this was long used as a battle-song, until the custom was forbidden, on account of its how to write a song yia yias supposed to exercise a magical influence.
Sedulius and Elpis wrote very little from which hymns could be extracted; but the small number taken from their compositions obtained wide popularity, and have since held their ground.
Those of Gregory are in a style hardly distinguishable from the Ambrosian; those of Fortunatus are graceful, and sometimes vigorous. Homer makes Alcinous entertain Odysseus with a " hymn " of the minstrel Demodocus, on the capture of Troy by the wooden horse.
The noble hymn by Coffin, beginning " 0 luce qui mortalibus " 0 Thou who in the light dost dwell, Lates inaccessa, Deus, To mortals unapproachable, Praesente quo sancti tremunt Where angels veil them from Thy rays, Nubuntque vultus angeli," And tremble as they gaze," and several others of his works, breathe the true Ambrosian spirit; and though Santeul generally esteemed the better poet of the two delighted in alcaics, and did not greatly affect the primitive manner, there can be no question as to the excellence of such hymns as his " Fumant Sabaeis templa vaporibus " " Sweet incense breathes around "" Stupete gentes, fit Deus hostia " " Tremble, ye Gentile lands "" Hymnis dum resonat curia caelitum " " Ye in the house of heavenly morn "and " Templi sacratas pande, Sion, fores " " 0 Sion, open wide thy gates ".
Some of his translations - particularly " The day is past and over," from Anatolius, and " Christian, dost thou see them," from Andrew of Crete - have been adopted into hymnbooks used in many English churches; and the hymn " Art thou weary," how to write a song yia yias is rather founded upon than translated from one by Stephen the Sabaite, has obtained still more general popularity.
Before the time of the Reformation, the multiplication of sequences often as unedifying in matter as unpoetical in style had done much to degrade the common conception of hymnody. According to him, each " troparion " contains from three to thirty-three verses; each verse varies from two to thirteen syllables, often in a continuous series, uniform, alternate or reciprocal, the metre being always syllabic, and depending, not on the quantity of vowels or the position of consonants, but on an harmonic series of accents.
John Chandler appear from the title-page of the latter, and the prefaces of both to have supposed their hymns to be " ancient " and " primitive. This process, while it promoted the development of a medieval as distinct from the primitive style, led also to much deterioration in the quality of hymns, of which, perhaps, some of the strongest examples may be found in a volume published in by the Irish Archaeological Society from a manuscript in the library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Many translations, in German, English and other languages, attest its merit. With that view he produced the peculiar species of rhythmical composition which obtained the name of " sequentia " probably from following after the close of the " Alleluia "and also that of " prosa," because its structure was originally irregular and unmetrical, resembling in this respect the Greek " troparia," and the " Te Deum," " Benedicite " and canticles.
These and other medieval hymn-writers of the 12th and 13th centuries may be described, generally, as poet-schoolmen. The Parisian hymnary underwent three revisions - the first inwhen a new " Psaltery with hymns " was issued.
Whatever opinion may be entertained of the principles on which these Roman and Parisian revisions proceeded, it would be unjust to deny very high praise as hymn-writers to several of their poets, especially to Coffin and Jean Baptiste Santeul. An important development of hymnody at Constantinople arose out of the Arian controversy.
After the z5th century they were discouraged at Rome. Isidore, archbishop of Seville, who presided over the fourth council of Toledo, in his book on the offices of the church, speaks of Hilary as the first Latin hymnwriter; that council itself, in its 13th canon, and the prologue to the Mozarabic hymnary which is little more than a versification of the canonassociate his name, in this respect, with that of Ambrose.
One of its favourite metres. It occurred to Notker that, while preserving the spirit of that part of the service, the monotony of the interval might be relieved by introducing at that point a chant of praise specially composed for the purpose. The abbey of St Victor, besides Adam and his follower Pistor, was destined afterwards to produce the most popular church poet of the 17th century.
Archbishop Trench, in the introduction to his Sacred Latin Poetry, has traced the whole course of the transition from the ancient to the modern forms of versification, ascribing it to natural and necessary causes, which made such changes needful for the due development of the new forms of spiritual and intellectual life, consequent upon the conversion of the Latinspeaking nations to Christianity.
In the 3rd century Origen seems to have had in his mind the words of some other hymns or hymn of like character, when he says in his treatise Against Celsus: The former word was used by the LXX.An ode is a song or hymn compounded of several similar "troparia," - usually three, four or five.
To these is always prefixed a typical or standard " troparion." To these is always prefixed a typical or standard " troparion.". No matter if you're Hmong or not, this is the best place for you to learn Hmong.
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