Does moral judgment match moral behavior? Are there distinct stages of moral development? We cannot rely upon them. The use of police force to stop people from burning religious minorities at the stake seems justified. Gilligan may be right that the "care" path is found more often among females than among males.
Therefore, answers relate to the approval of others. It does not really matter what you believe. An educated person may believe any of them, with equal justification. Among competing views, some views are more justifiable rationally defensible than others.
Hence, because children are repeatedly exposed to the values and standards of conduct of not only their parents but those of their peers, possible siblings, as well as other adults that they have interaction with in their lives, they tend to develop values and standards that are composites of different features of their familial and social worlds.
Cognitive moral development theories essay, the gender bias issue raised by Gilligan is a reminded of the significant gender debate still present in psychology, which when ignored, can have a large impact on the results obtained through psychological research.
In each case, he presented a choice to be considered, for example, between the rights of some authority and the needs of some deserving individual who is being unfairly treated.
Heinz could only raise half the money, even after help from family and friends. Authority is outside the individual and reasoning is based on the physical consequences of actions. Student Relativism A second view, often found among college students after they have been exposed in humanities courses to the fact that plausible reasons can often be given for opposing viewpoints, has been labeled "Student Relativism.
The issues are not always clear-cut. She is well known for having argued that girls and women tend to develop along a somewhat different path, although similarities between her account of female moral development and male moral development are not hard to discover.
However, stage theories tend to downplay the effect of social learning on the individual and the influence the environment can have in certain situations of moral reasoning. The sample comprised 72 Chicago boys aged 10—16 years, 58 of whom were followed up at three-yearly intervals for 20 years Kohlberg, According to Kohlberg this level of moral reasoning is as far as most people get.
Developmental psychologists Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan do not agree about everything, but they do agree about the following important points: We need at least two distinctions. Instead, our moral code is shaped by the standards of adults and the consequences of following or breaking their rules.
Gilligan was a student of Kohlberg and later became critical of some of his generalizations. Indeed, it may be a fact that the professor does think one of the two views is superior, but what he or she is trying to convey is how the advocates of the two views make their case. And what we really know however much or little are "facts.
We cannot know which ones are we cannot have justified confidence in them prior to a serious investigation, using all the mental tools available. Some opinions are true, and some of these true opinions are justified.
Social Contract and Individual Rights. Each boy was given a 2-hour interview based on the ten dilemmas. If, as seems plausible, knowledge is justified true opinion, then what we know is part of what we have opinions about.
What is more, individuals do not always progress through the stages and Rest found that one in fourteen actually slipped backward. In practice, it seems that reasoning about right and wrong depends more upon the situation than upon general rules. Poor research design The way in which Kohlberg carried out his research when constructing this theory may not have been the best way to test whether all children follow the same sequence of stage progression.
In essence, a preference for higher levels of moral thinking is the underlying proposition of stage theories, although what makes higher level moral thinking superior to lower level moral thinking is unclear.
Mathews, "Moral Development," pp.Theories of Cognitive and Moral Development. Contact: Dr. Jan Garrett This page revised August 22, Contents.
Cognitive Development. 1. Fact. research on the cognitive & moral development theories of jean piaget & lawrence kohlberg JEAN PIAGET We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive & Moral Development Theories specifically for you.
- Comparing the Two Theories of Cognitive Development There are three main types of cognitive development. There is Piaget's theory, Vygotsky's theory and the Information processing approach.
The two theories that I am going to compare and contrast are Piaget and Vygotsky's theories. Specifically, the paper will speak to the definition of moral development, the views held by educators Piaget and Kohlberg on this area of development in young children and the application of moral development theories by Early Childhood Educators.
Lawrence Kohlberg () agreed with Piaget's () theory of moral development in principle but wanted to develop his ideas further. He used Piaget’s storytelling technique to tell people stories involving moral dilemmas. Research on the Cognitive & Moral Development Theories of Jean Piaget & Lawrence Kohlberg More about The Theories of Piaget and Kohlberg Essay.
Jean Piagets Theory Words | 5 Pages; Critical Review of the Moral, Cognitive, Social and Personality Developmental Stages of Michael Oher in the Movie "Blindside". Use the Kohlberg.Download