Individual communities, however, had their own little quirks. At about the same time as the Enlightenment, religious devotion began to drop off, with about maybe only one in fifteen adults a member of a congregation. This elite viewed democracy negatively, inferring mob rule.
In employment, women were limited, though some inherited printing presses from their husbands and became prominent journalists. The Great Awakening inspired two groups—the Old Lights, who represented the old guard and the wealthy elite, and the New Lights, who represented revivalism and the poorer classes.
Roger Williams For his trouble, Roger Williams was excommunicated by the Puritan congregations and went on to form the colony of Rhode Island.
During the eighteenth century: The South was a triracial society of whites, African slaves, and Indians with an economy based on plantation labor. Indian America, though battered by epidemics brought on by European diseases, continued to assert their independence, though many tribes in close contact with the Europeans adopted European goods and became reliant on them.
In North America during the eighteenth century: British Prime Minister Robert Wadpole encouraged decentralized government and salutary neglect in the economy.
The Puritan Church, which had become an official religion, established the Half-Way Covenant to receive members who had not formally converted, and struggled with lessening piety when councils of ministers became the main governing body instead of congregations.
Women had some social rights, though not many. One striking thing about British North America in the s was: George Whitefield Whitefield toured the colonies giving sermons and oratories, ignoring sectarian differences and proselytizing all denominations equally.
The presence of the frontier and the availability of land in the colonies: America was experience an apparent decline in religious devotion. This would set the stage for the French and Indian War, a precursor to the Revolution.
Some credence should be given to answer D, however; religion provided an out for the poor, who saw religion as a way to sidestep pressing social problems and giving the rich a reprieve. Frontier planters in the Middle Colonies and the Backcountry pushed to grab more land from the Indians, provoking them and attracting the ire of the expansionist French.
The ethnically diverse Middle colonies had many cultures, but they remained distinct from one another, forming a salad bowl rather than a melting pot, with a large amount of free settlement and social mobility for the landowning white settlers.
New England colonies exhibited a highly repressive and ethnically homogenous Puritan ideology based on a close integration of church and state, though this was slowly chipped away at after the English Civil War and the Toleration Act.
Women were generally denied careers or opportunities outside of the household. Society of Friends Though the Quakers quickly became a minority in Pennsylvania, due to its large immigrant populations attracted by the low prices for land, they continued to exert a strong influence, establishing a loose government and preventing religious persecution.
The Old Lights supported the religious rationalism of the Enlightenment while the New Lights condemned it a heresy and lobbied for a return to Calvinism.
The development of Pennsylvania was strongly influenced by the: The intellectual movement that led to a significant transformation in British North America was: All of Western Europe, and parts of the rest of Europe, was in on colonization.
The middle-class often came to join the colonial elite as rising profits increased their social status—often at the expense of the poor becoming poorer. The Enlightenment, which started in Europe, was a time of scientific discovery and rationalism.
The new supporters of the New Lights would engage in heavy debate against the entrenched Old Lights. One of the first Americans to advocate religious toleration was: The Anglican minister who helped spread the Great Awakening throughout the English colonies was: Though royal governors controlled the colonies, elected assemblies were the ones who decided on taxation and spending, with the white landowners as the voters.
John Locke, a political theorist, would propose that people had unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property and that the state existed to protect such rights. By early in the s: Many Congregationalists Calvinists began to question the theology of predestination that God had predetermined who exactly would be saved in the Second Coming and began to turn to Arminianism, which taught that people could be saved by having faith and doing good works, in line with humanist Enlightenment ideas.
The Spanish Borderlands, which served as a buffer zone for sophisticated New Spain Mexicoisolated from the prosperous inland colonies, grew slowly, and often became centers to convert natives to Catholicism for a monarchy that was reluctant to deplete its fields in Spain proper.
Ethnically diverse because of the presence of Africans, Europeans, and Indians. The Chesapeake settlements and the colonies of the Lower South were:Start studying Our Nation, Chapter 5: The Settlement of North America and 1 other.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. HIST Mod 3 Practice Questions study guide by MatiMarie_ includes 15 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Urbanization in American cities in the early twentieth century was a direct cause of which of the following?
Which colony was the first to be annexed by the United States? (Outcome #1) (DOK1) Alaska. Template:United States history (sidebar) The Thirteen Colonies were part of what became known as British America, a name that was used by Great Britain until the Treaty of Paris recognized the independence of the original thirteen United States of America in These British colonies in North.
Was the largest and most prosperous European colony on the North American Continent. b.
Spain’s forts had no choice but to establish relations with Creek and Seminole Indians and · Old Lights condemned emotional enthusiasm as part of the heresy of believing in a personal and direct relationship with God outside the order.
A Personal Mission to Alert Society on Dangerous Foods. words. 2 pages. A Personal Reflection on an English Class. words. 4 pages. The Effective Teaching Style of Erica Goddard.
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Colony Morphology: Describing Bacterial Colonies Frequently during the semester you will need to describe bacterial (or fungal) growth observed on slants or Petri plates. It will be useful to learn the terminology used for describing common colony types.Download